Fasting the the bible

Biblical Fasting: Why and How a Christian Should Fast

Fasting in the bible has been a common religious practice that started before the coming of Christ. Even after Jesus's death, Christians have continued to fast. Biblical fasting involves abstaining from food and drinks.

Some of the reasons why the ancient people, including priests, prophets, and teachers of the Word, fasted include seeking help from God, worshipping Him, and showing humility before Him. Fasting, however, isn’t merely self-imposed suffering. 

The Old and New Testaments support fasting. According to Isaiah 58:6-7 GNT, fasting acceptable to God involves setting free the oppressed, giving food and a place to stay to the homeless, helping the poor in your families, and clothing the naked. Partial, total, and liquid fasts are the most coming types among Christians. 

In this article, we shall learn about biblical fasting and look at long and short fasts and several biblical examples of fasting. Read on. 

Biblical Fasting: What Is It and Why Should You Do It?

Fasting in the bible is when you abstain from food and (or) drinks to dedicate your time and thoughts to God through prayers, worship, and reading God’s Word, especially Bible verses that resonate with the cause of fasting. For example, if you’re fasting because of a sickness, read more bible verses about healing and constantly meditate on them. 

The Old and New testament encourages biblical fasting. Below are some of the reasons why you should fast. 

Grief Due to Sins Committed

While in the New Testament (N.T), Biblical Christian fasting is meant to draw closer to God in humility, in the Old Testament (O.T), it was majorly a way of showing grief, especially after sinning against God. The wearing of sackcloth also accompanied this O.T. kind of fasting to signify grief and repentance. 

We see this kind of fasting in Nineveh in Jonah 3:6-9. 

The news reached the king of Nineveh, and he arose from his throne, took off his royal robe, covered himself with sackcloth, and sat in ashes. 7He made a proclamation and published through Nineveh by the decree of the king and his nobles, saying, “Let neither man nor animal, herd nor flock, taste anything; let them not feed, nor drink water; 8but let them be covered with sackcloth, both man and animal, and let them cry mightily to God. Yes, let them turn everyone from his evil way and from the violence that is in his hands. 9 Who knows whether God will not turn and relent, and turn away from his fierce anger, so that we might not perish?”

Jonah 3:6-9 (WEB)

Also, in Joel 2: 12-13, the Lord commands his people to return to him. 

12 “Yet even now,” says Yahweh, “turn to me with all your heart, and with fasting, and with weeping, and with mourning.” 13 Tear your heart and not your garments, and turn to Yahweh, your God; for he is gracious and merciful, slow to anger, and abundant in loving kindness, and relents from sending calamity.

Joel 2: 12-13 (WEB)

The Lord also cautioned them to return to Him, not by lending his garments but by their hearts. This is the biblical fasting the Lord wanted, where they could mourn, weep, and fast, seeking forgiveness. 

In Nehemiah 1: 4-11, the servant of the Lord was grieved by the situation of Jerusalem. 

The gates of Jerusalem had been burnt, the walls broken down, and the few people that had survived the exile lived in disgrace. 

This situation grieved Nehemiah, who approached the Lord for help through prayers and fasting. Nehemiah pleaded with the Lord to forgive the Israelites. It’s their sins that led them into captivity, and God’s forgiveness would bring restoration to their lives and land. 

However, for Nehemiah to go to Jerusalem to rebuild the broken walls and gates, he had to approach the king over that situation. The prayers and fasting also aimed at seeking God’s divine intervention so that he could obtain favor from the king. 

Healing for the Sick

Biblical fasting was also done to pray for the healing of sick people. David did this kind of fasting. Surprisingly, in Psalms 35:10-13, David fasted when his enemies were sick, asking God to heal them!

10 All my bones shall say, “Yahweh, who is like you, who delivers the poor from him who is too strong for him; yes, the poor and the needy from him who robs him?” 11 Unrighteous witnesses rise up. They ask me about things that I don’t know about. 12 They reward me evil for good, to the bereaving of my soul. 13 But as for me, when they were sick, my clothing was sackcloth. I afflicted my soul with fasting. My prayer returned into my own bosom.

Psalms 35:10-13 (WEB)

Also, King David fasted when his son fell ill due to God’s wrath. He humbled himself before God through fasting so that the child could recover. Though the child died on the 7th day of David’s fast, we learn that fasting in the bible can be done so as to pray for the healing of others.

Fasting as a Form of Worship

In Luke 2: 37-38, we see a windowed woman; she had only been with her husband for 7 years, and then he died. 

37 and she had been a widow for about eighty-four years), who didn’t depart from the temple, worshiping with fastings and petitions night and day. 38 Coming up at that very hour, she gave thanks to the Lord, and spoke of him to all those who were looking for redemption in Jerusalem.

Luke 2: 37-38 (WEB)

This woman, also a prophet, is called Anna and lived in the temple of the Lord, praying and fasting. This was her way of worshipping the Lord.  

Drawing Strength From God

When the Holy Spirit reveals the hardships you’ll be going through soon, it can be scary to think about it. This is mostly the case if, after praying, the Holy Spirit insists you go through it as it is God’s will.

Take, for example, Jesus dying on the cross. If it weren’t for his death on the cross for the redemption of humans, Jesus would never have existed. He was on earth for that divine mission. But it wasn’t going to be easy. 

The Bible says the Holy Spirit led him to the wilderness so the devil could tempt Him. So, the devil approached Jesus soon after He was done with fasting so as to tempt Him. Praise God; prayers and fasting had made Him strong so he didn’t fall into temptations.  

The prayers and fasting also made Jesus strong enough to face death.

Seeking Help From God Against the Enemy

You’ll likely lose everything to the enemy unless the Lord fights your battles. Seeking God’s help through prayers and fasting brings victory. In Judges 20, we see an exciting scene. 

It wasn’t until all the Israelites, apart from the Benjamites, whom they faced in battle, fasted, prayed, and offered fellowship and burnt offerings to the Lord that they won the battle. 

In the Book of Esther, the King issued an order that caused panic among the Jews. Thank God, Jews were believers and God-fearing people. Hence we see that in the Book of Esther 4:3, they cried to God and fasted, seeking His divine help.

“In every province, wherever the king’s commandment and his decree came, there was great mourning among the Jews, and fasting, and weeping, and wailing; and many lay in sackcloth and ashes.”

Esther 4:3 (WEB)

In Esther 2:16, we see Queen Esther and her attendants joining the fast before preaching to the king over the same matter. 

“So Esther was taken to King Ahasuerus into his royal house in the tenth month, which is the month Tebeth, in the seventh year of his reign.”

Esther 2:16 (WEB)

In chapter 6 of the book of Esther, we see that God granted the heart desires of the queen, her attendants, and Mordecai and gave them victory against their enemy, Haman. 

As shown in Ezra 8: 21-23, Ezra called for a fast before they began their journey to Jerusalem. 

21 Then I proclaimed a fast there, at the river Ahava, that we might humble ourselves before our God, to seek from him a straight way for us, and for our little ones, and for all our possessions. 22 For I was ashamed to ask of the king a band of soldiers and horsemen to help us against the enemy on the way, because we had spoken to the king, saying, “The hand of our God is on all those who seek him, for good; but his power and his wrath is against all those who forsake him.”

Ezra 8: 21-2

The fast was a sign of humility before God when asking him to protect them from their enemies. God answered Ezra, and His gracious hand was upon them throughout the journey. 

Indeed, fasting in the bible to seek help against people’s threats and attacks works. 

Don't miss our article about the Esther Fast to learn more about how and why it works.

Committing New Leadership to the Lord

When new leaders are appointed in the church, according to Acts 14:23, they should be committed to the service of the Lord through fasting and prayers. 

“When they had appointed elders for them in every assembly, and had prayed with fasting, they commended them to the Lord on whom they had believed.”

Acts 14:23 (WEB)

That’s what Apostle Paul and Barnabas did after they had appointed elders.

These prayers and fasting enable the new leadership to withstand all the hardships they might face during the service to the Lord. Also, the leaders stay true to the faith and gain wisdom to help them do what God wants.  

A Command From God

Sometimes, when God wants to talk to us, He may command us to pray and fast so that we can be attentive to His voice. Moses was in such a situation. God wanted to give him the Ten Commandments. 

Hence, He commanded him to separate himself from the people and go to the mountain, where he could be in the Lord’s presence and fast for forty days and nights. 

At this time, the Lord instructed him to write the 10 Commandments. 

Therefore, sometimes you might not have planned to do a fast, but at the command of the Lord, you commit to one.

What Are the 4 Types of Fasting?

There are many types of biblical fasting, as we shall see below. Even so, in the modern days, people practice other fastings (more on this later) to avoid distractions during prayers. 

The most common fasts, however, include:

  • Supernatural or an absolute fast
  • Complete fast
  • Partial fast
  • Liquid fast

Read on as I discuss each of these common fasts among Christians.  

Supernatural or Absolute Biblical Fast

The absolute fast is where you abstain entirely from food and drinks. This is not your regular fast, as it can be life-threatening. 

Why? 

Your body can still function normally without food but not water. Therefore, you could face serious health problems if you don’t drink water or eat food for over three days. So, you should always seek medical advice before commencing such a fast. 

Besides, you should always do an absolute fast, also known as supernatural biblical fasting, at God’s command, and under the Holy Spirit's power.

Moses’ and Jesus’ fasts are great examples of supernatural long fasts. Moses ate no food or drank water for forty days and nights, according to Exodus 34:28. 

“He was there with Yahweh forty days and forty nights; he neither ate bread, nor drank water. He wrote on the tablets the words of the covenant, the ten commandments.”

Exodus 34:28 (WEB)

Jesus Christ also did a 40-day fast and night fast. Though it’s unclear if he took water, the bible says that he ate nothing during this time. 

As mentioned in this article, God instructed Moses to go to the Mount to pray and fast for 40 days. 

Therefore, only do this fast if God commands you to do it. Otherwise, take water and consider juicing to keep your body hydrated while you abstain from food. 

Alternatively, do a short absolute fast, like 3 days. This is the fast done by the Ninevites upon receiving Jonah’s prophetic words. For 3 days, the people of Nineveh and their livestock didn’t eat or drink, as indicated in Jonah 3:7.

“He made a proclamation and published through Nineveh by the decree of the king and his nobles, saying, “Let neither man nor animal, herd nor flock, taste anything; let them not feed, nor drink water;”

Jonah 3:7 (WEB)

As seen in Acts 9:9, Paul abstained from food and drinks for three days after he countered the Lord on his way to Damascus to persecute the Christians. 

“He was without sight for three days, and neither ate nor drank.”

Acts 9:9 (WEB)

So, the Old and New Testaments support the absolute fast. But ONLY do it at the Lord’s command if you plan to exceed three days. 

Complete Fast

A complete fast involves taking only beverages, for example, water or fruit juices, but abstaining from food. This type of fast is also common among people who want to lose weight

So, it has both spiritual and physical benefits. 

In most cases, since the body is hydrated with enough water, you can do a complete fast for more than 3 days comfortably. However, you need enough rest. Also, avoid stress and spend more time worshipping God, praying, and fasting. 

The initial days of a fast can be challenging as your body is trying to adjust to the new normal. But after that, you should start getting comfortable with the fast. Based on God's grace, you can do this fast for one day (morning to evening), two or three days, or more. 

Partial Fast

Biblical partial fasting involves setting restrictions on your diet so that you eat only certain foods or days of the week. So, if some health reasons hinder you from doing a total fast, do a partial one. 

You can eat Monday through Friday but not Saturdays and Sundays or vice-versa. Or, you could drink water and eat only vegetables for several days, as Daniel did for 10 days in Daniel 1:12.

“Test your servants, I beg you, ten days; and let them give us vegetables to eat and water to drink.”

Daniel 1:12 (WEB)

Partial fasting is commonly known as the “Daniel Fast” because Daniel abstained from the choicest foods assigned to him by King Nebuchadnezzar. During this fast, Christians abstain from choice foods such as meat, ice cream, fruits, and baked foods, including bread and cookies.

In chapter 10, verse 2 of the book of Daniel, we see the same type of fasting. Daniel abstained from eating tasty foods. He abstained from wine and meat for 21 days. He humbled himself before the Lord through fasting to gain understanding and pray for his people who were in captivity. 

 In those days I, Daniel, was mourning three whole weeks.

Daniel 10:2 (WEB)

Because Daniel always abstained from choice foods and switched to vegetables and water, those who do this kind of fast call it a ‘Daniel Fast.’ They only drink water and eat plant-based foods such as vegetables during a Daniel Fast. 

Liquid Fast

A liquid fast is where Christians take only fluids for a specific time. 

With water, it’s possible to do longer fasts if you don’t have any medical conditions restricting you. Though some take fruits, vegetable juices, and smoothies, the best liquid fast involves taking (unsweetened) water. 

This is very healthy fasting, and that’s why even dieticians recommend it, as it cleanses the body as toxins are flushed out of it and help in weight loss goals! 

You must get enough rest during this fast as your body might not have enough energy for heavy duties. 

Also, unlike what most people want, avoid sweetened juice as high sugar consumption during a liquid only fast could cause blood sugar levels to spike. Potato or pumpkin soup is the best option if you feel extremely weak. 

Also, avoid soft drinks, coffee, milk, and energy drinks during and immediately after a liquid-only fast or if you have been doing one. I took sweetened milk during a long fast and almost died. Don’t try that. 

Abstain from such flavourful drinks and focus on building your relationship with God.

Other Forms of Fasting Christians Practice Today  

Worldwide, Christians practice different types of fasting. Even though these types aren’t included in the bible, they could be beneficial.

They include:

  • Social media fast
  • Consecration fast

Let’s go through them below.

Social Media Fast

Social media is one of the most disruptive things today (if you allow it!). From the youngest to the greatest, something always grabs our attention. It could be trending news, advertisements of trending shoes, clothes, bags, or posts from friends. 

According to recent statistics by Statista, people spend at least 151 minutes on social media daily. Social media has hindered some people from doing vital cores at home or in the office, and hence a social media fast is vital.

When doing social media fasting, you can focus on reading the bible, praying and fasting, and attending Bible study for spiritual growth. Also called a “soul fast,” this type of fasting involves not login into your accounts, for example, Facebook, for a specified time. 

We all understand that we can’t control what others post. Hence, during fasting, it’s a good idea for God’s people to abstain from Facebook, Twitter, and other platforms. This helps to keep their eyes off the ‘dirty’ content ungodly people often post. 

I love doing this type of fast while doing other fasts. It helps me to have a better mutual relationship with God the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit. 

Sometimes you could also refrain from your favorite TV and radio programs to entirely focus on God’s Word, prayers, and fasting. 

Consecration Fast

When getting into a new season of your life, probably, getting into the priesthood, you can do concentration fasting. Let it be a time to dedicate your new season to God and ask for divine wisdom in the new task. 

The fast also aims to consecrate yourself for the divine mandate and commit your plans to Him so that He may establish them (Proverbs 16:3). 

“Commit your deeds to Yahweh, and your plans shall succeed.”

Proverbs 16:3 (WEB)

No rules are set for this type of fasting so that it can be one day, two days, three days, or more.

Jesus’ fast, which lasted 40 days and nights, can also be called consecration fasting. He did this fasting to prepare himself for the ministry that had brought Him to the world: Preaching the Good News and dying on the cross.

What Kind of Fasting Is Acceptable to God?

The last thing you want to do is to miss out on your delicious food, beverages, TV programs, and posts on social media only for the Lord to say, “Isn’t this the kind of fasting I detest!” It can be such a scary thing!  Very frustrating, too!

In Isaiah 58: 2-3, we see that the people of Israel were in a similar situation. They ‘diligently’ sought the Lord’s help through (what they thought was) true Godly fasting! Each day, they earnestly sought the Lord’s righteous judgments. They wanted to be closer to their God, so they fasted!

Sadly, the Lord didn’t notice their fasting! It grieved them. Why? They always had heated disputes and strived amongst themselves.

Yet they seek me daily, and delight to know my ways. As a nation that did righteousness, and didn’t forsake the ordinance of their God, they ask of me righteous judgments. They delight to draw near to God. ‘Why have we fasted,’ they say, ‘and you don’t see? Why have we afflicted our soul, and you don’t notice?’ “Behold, in the day of your fast you find pleasure, and oppress all your laborers.

Isaiah 58: 2-3

That wasn’t the kind of fasting the Lord desired. 

In verses 6 – 14, 9, and 13, we see that the kind of fasting that is acceptable to God is one that you:

  • Cut the cords of the yoke
  • Stop oppressing your slaves
  • Share your food with the hungry
  • Cloth the naked
  • Provide shelter for the homeless
  • Love and care for your relatives 
  • Don’t speak vain words or engage in personal activities on the Lord’s Holy Day
  • Stop malicious talk and pointing fingers at each other

So, true Godly fasting isn’t just physically oppressing your body by abstaining from tasty foods and other luxuries. It also involves giving yourself to prayers and showing love to everyone, including your slaves and relatives, loving, providing, and helping them whenever a chance arises.  

What Happens When You Fast the Biblical Way?

When you do spiritual fasting the bible way, you’ll have a spiritual breakthrough, hear God’s voice, and have your prayers answered. According to Isaiah 58: 8-12, God is happy when we fast correctly. 

8Then your light will break out as the morning, and your healing will appear quickly; then your righteousness shall go before you, and Yahweh’s glory will be your rear guard. Then you will call, and Yahweh will answer. You will cry for help, and he will say, ‘Here I am.’ “If you take away from among you the yoke, finger pointing, and speaking wickedly; 10 and if you pour out your soul to the hungry, and satisfy the afflicted soul, then your light will rise in darkness, and your obscurity will be as the noonday; 11 and Yahweh will guide you continually, satisfy your soul in dry places, and make your bones strong. You will be like a watered garden, and like a spring of water whose waters don’t fail. 12 Those who will be of you will build the old waste places. You will raise up the foundations of many generations. You will be called Repairer of the Breach, Restorer of Paths with Dwellings.

Isaiah 58:8-12 (WEB)

Here’s what happens when you fast according to His perfect will:

  • You’ll receive healing
  • The Lord will answer your prayers
  • Your light will spring forth 
  • God will speak to you 
  • Your darkness will become light; the night will look like noonday!
  • Your righteousness will lead you
  • No harm will get close to you as God’s glory will be your rearguard
  • God will always guide you
  • You’ll have enough even when living in a sun-scorched land!
  • God will strengthen you and give you good health 
  • In and out of season, you’ll never be in luck
  • People will call you “Rebuilder of the broken walls!”

Wow! See the benefits of fasting! They’re awesome (seriously, I want to fast, I hope you also do)! 

The Bible says that God’s people perish for lack of knowledge. 

Now that you know why God hasn’t been answering your prayers, wouldn’t you want to try the true spiritual practice of fasting according to God’s Word? 

Will Fasting Always Provoke God To Answer Your Prayers?

First, you can’t use fasting to manipulate God! His perfect will will ALWAYS be done.

I’ll give you an example of the prayer God will NEVER answer, even if you did a 40-day fast.

Praying for a married man to marry you while the wife is still alive. God CANNOT answer such prayers. His word binds him, as it says that He hates divorce and that only death can separate them! So, that man can only marry you willfully once his wife has died. 

Therefore, always seek to know the perfect will of God regarding the situation you want to fast and pray about. 

Aside from that, your prayers will go unanswered, and you might feel ‘offended by God,’ as many claim!

According to 2 Samuel 12:19, David didn’t receive the intended answers to his prayers even after praying and fasting. When he fasted so that God could preserve his son's life, God didn’t honor that. 

“But when David saw that his servants were whispering together, David perceived that the child was dead; and David said to his servants, “Is the child dead?” They said, “He is dead.”

Also, God didn't answer when David prayed and fasted so that his enemies could be healed.

So, understand the perfect will of God before fasting. In addition, be open-minded; if you do your fast as God commands and still receive a ‘no’ for an answer, don’t get offended. 

All things will work for your good regardless of the turn things take after fasting and praying! 

Other Bible Verses for Fasting

John 6:35 (WEB)

Jesus said to them, “I am the bread of life. Whoever comes to me will not be hungry, and whoever believes in me will never be thirsty. 

2 Chronicles 20:3 (WEB)

Jehoshaphat was alarmed, and set himself to seek to Yahweh. He proclaimed a fast throughout all Judah. 

Psalm 69:9-10 (WEB)

9 For the zeal of your house consumes me. The reproaches of those who reproach you have fallen on me. 10 When I wept and I fasted, that was to my reproach.

Mark 9:25-29 (WEB)

25When Jesus saw that a multitude came running together, he rebuked the unclean spirit, saying to him, “You mute and deaf spirit, I command you, come out of him, and never enter him again!” 26After crying out and convulsing him greatly, it came out of him. The boy became like one dead, so much that most of them said, “He is dead.” 27But Jesus took him by the hand and raised him up; and he arose. 28When he had come into the house, his disciples asked him privately, “Why couldn’t we cast it out?” 29He said to them, “This kind can come out by nothing but by prayer and fasting.”

Matthew 6:16-18 (WEB)

16“Moreover when you fast, don’t be like the hypocrites, with sad faces. For they disfigure their faces that they may be seen by men to be fasting. Most certainly I tell you, they have received their reward. 17But you, when you fast, anoint your head and wash your face, 18so that you are not seen by men to be fasting, but by your Father who is in secret; and your Father, who sees in secret, will reward you.

1 Samuel 31:11-13 (WEB)

11When the inhabitants of Jabesh Gilead heard what the Philistines had done to Saul, 12all the valiant men arose, went all night, and took the body of Saul and the bodies of his sons from the wall of Beth Shan; and they came to Jabesh and burned them there. 13They took their bones and buried them under the tamarisk tree in Jabesh, and fasted seven days.

Luke 5:33-35 (WEB)

33They said to him, “Why do John’s disciples often fast and pray, likewise also the disciples of the Pharisees, but yours eat and drink?” 34He said to them, “Can you make the friends of the bridegroom fast while the bridegroom is with them? 35But the days will come when the bridegroom will be taken away from them. Then they will fast in those days.”

Acts 14:23 (WEB)

23When they had appointed elders for them in every assembly, and had prayed with fasting, they commended them to the Lord on whom they had believed.

Ezra 10:6 (WEB)

6Then Ezra rose up from before God’s house, and went into the room of Jehohanan the son of Eliashib. When he came there, he didn’t eat bread or drank water, for he mourned because of the trespass of the exiles.

1 Kings 21:25-29 (WEB)

25But there was no one like Ahab, who sold himself to do that which was evil in Yahweh’s sight, whom Jezebel his wife stirred up. 26He did very abominably in following idols, according to all that the Amorites did, whom Yahweh cast out before the children of Israel. 27When Ahab heard those words, he tore his clothes, put sackcloth on his body, fasted, lay in sackcloth, and went about despondently. 28Yahweh’s word came to Elijah the Tishbite, saying, 29“See how Ahab humbles himself before me? Because he humbles himself before me, I will not bring the evil in his days; but I will bring the evil on his house in his son’s day.”

Nehemiah 9:1 (WEB)

1Now in the twenty-fourth day of this month the children of Israel were assembled with fasting, with sackcloth, and dirt on them.

1 Corinthians 7:5 (WEB)

5Don’t deprive one another, unless it is by consent for a season, that you may give yourselves to fasting and prayer, and may be together again, that Satan doesn’t tempt you because of your lack of self-control.

Deuteronomy 19:18-19 (WEB)

18and the judges shall make diligent inquisition; and behold, if the witness is a false witness, and has testified falsely against his brother, 19then you shall do to him as he had thought to do to his brother. So you shall remove the evil from among you.

Daniel 6: 18 (WEB)

18Then the king went to his palace, and passed the night fasting. No musical instruments were brought before him; and his sleep fled from him.

Does Biblical Fasting Really Work

Fasting in the bible has been proven to have great results ONLY when done in God’s way. So, to see the power of fasting, give your food to the hungry during prayer. Also, help those whom you're able, whether you help to clothe the naked, provide shelter for the homeless, love those born in your family, or provide some sort of needed community service. 

Spend good time in prayers when doing spiritual fasting. Otherwise, you would be dieting, and there would be no results for your fast! 

Godly fasting will provoke God’s answers. He also will guard and provide for you, speak clearly to you, and be your everyday provider. 

However, seeking medical advice before starting a fast, especially a long one is good. Also, if you want to do your first fast, it’s better to take enough water or do the Daniel fast, where you eat a small portion of vegetables to strengthen your body. 

If you have no medical conditions restricting you from fasting, don’t panic whenever you have headaches, dizziness, or nausea during the first 2-3 days of a fast. That’s normal. After three days, those problems will cease as your body adapts.

What fast have you done? Did God say ‘yes or ‘no’ to your prayers? How did you feel about it? 

A guide to Biblical Fasting: why and how a Christian should fast

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Author: Mary Peter

Title: Freelance Writer

Expertise: Christianity, Pets, Writing

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